Understanding the MiFID II/MiFIR Regulations in Europe

Understanding the MiFID II/MiFIR Regulations in Europe
Alexander Markl
Co-Founder, CEO
Understanding the MiFID II/MiFIR Regulations in Europe

The Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II (MiFID II) and Regulation (MiFIR) are two of the most important pieces of financial regulation in the EU. They replace the original MiFID from 2007 and aims to increase investor protection, strengthen market integrity and improve market transparency.

They have been in effect since 2018, yet many investors remain unfamiliar with what they entail and why they matter. In this blog post, we’ll explain what these frameworks are, why they are important, and how asset managers must comply with them.

What is MiFID II/MiFIR?

The Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) was passed by the European Union in 2007 to regulate all financial instruments traded on markets within its jurisdiction. It sets out a framework for investors, exchanges, intermediaries, clearing houses and other bodies that are active in financial markets.

In 2018, an updated version known as MiFID II was introduced which replaced and expanded on some elements of the original directive. Along with this came a new regulation called Market in Financial Instruments Regulation (MiFIR). Both works together to create a detailed set of rules for investment firms operating within the EU which includes setting out standards for conduct, transparency and reporting requirements.

These two pieces of European Union legislation are designed to provide better protection for digital asset investors by increasing transparency, improving market integrity, and protecting against market abuse.

Why is MiFID II/MiFIR Important?

These regulations are important because they help protect digital asset investors from unfair practices such as insider trading or market manipulation. Additionally, these regulations help ensure that all assets are priced accurately based on current market conditions.

This increased transparency helps make markets more efficient and helps protect investors from potential losses due to inaccurate pricing information. Finally, these regulations also help ensure that all digital assets held by financial institutions are properly monitored and supervised on an ongoing basis.

How Does It Apply To Asset Managers?

Asset managers must ensure they comply with all aspects of MiFID II/MiFIR when offering services or investing on behalf of clients within Europe.

This includes:

  • Ensuring their products comply with best execution rules which means executing trades at the best possible price taking into account factors such as cost, speed and likelihood of execution
  • Providing appropriate disclosure documents prior to entering into an agreement
  • Adhering to pre-trade transparency requirements including publishing quotes before executing orders
  • Conducting appropriate due diligence on third party providers
  • Meeting client categorization requirements
  • Being aware of any conflicts of interest
  • Disclosing appropriate commission amounts charged by third parties
  • Maintaining records with clear audit trails
  • Submitting periodic transaction reports detailing any trades entered into during that period
  • Disclosing information about products offered including costs associated with them
  • Providing portfolio detail reports that include details such as portfolio mix across sectors or assets classes etc.
  • ...and more.

Why Must Asset Managers Comply With These Regulations?

The aim of these regulations is to protect investors by increasing transparency and strengthening market integrity while also improving efficiency across all markets within Europe. Non-compliance can lead to significant fines from regulators or even criminal sanctions so it is imperative that asset managers familiarize themselves with all aspects of these regulations so they can be sure they are compliant at all times.

How Must Asset Managers Comply with MiFID II/MiFIR?

Asset managers must comply with the regulations set forth by MiFID II/MiFIR in a variety of ways. First, they must ensure that all transactions related to digital assets are correctly reported and accounted for according to the relevant legal requirements. This includes reporting any suspicious transactions or activities as well as any potentially illegal activities related to digital assets held by their clients or customers.

Additionally, asset managers must ensure that their internal systems are capable of monitoring their holdings on an ongoing basis in order to identify any potential risks or issues at an early stage before losses can occur. Finally, asset managers must also collaborate with other stakeholders such as regulators in order to remain compliant with the applicable regulations set forth by MiFID II/MiFIR.


The introduction of MiFID II/MiFIR has had a significant impact on asset managers operating within Europe as there are now much stricter rules regarding how firms conduct business as well as greater levels of transparency required when dealing with clients’ investments. In conclusion, compliance with MiFID II/MiFIR is essential for any asset manager who deals with digital assets in order to protect their clients and customers from potential losses due to unfair or illegal practices.

Understanding these regulations is key in ensuring that your business adheres to the highest standards when it comes to managing your clients' investments and protecting them against potential risks associated with investing in digital assets. Compliance not only ensures greater security but also allows you peace of mind knowing you have taken the necessary steps towards protecting your clients' investments at all times.

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